Groundnuts, also known as earth peanuts (Arachis Hypogaea) are in fact botanically legume, it is a species in the bean family, Fabaceae. It is widely grown in Sudan’s western and eastern states, and is locally known as (Foul Sudani). Sudan is considered one of the top five producers of ground nuts.
Peanuts are consumed in many forms such as boiled peanuts, peanut oil, peanut butter, roasted peanuts, energy bars and candies. Peanuts are considered as a vital source of nutrients.
Peanuts are an excellent source of many vitamins and minerals. These include biotin, copper, niacin, folate, manganese, vitamin E, thiamine, phosphorus, and magnesium.
Peanut production in the world totalled 49 million tons in 2019, a 7% increase over 2018. China accounted for 36% of global output, followed by India (14%). Nigeria, Sudan, and the United States were also significant producers.