Arabic Gum

Arabic Gum (Acacia) is a dried exudation obtained from stems and branches of the Acacia Senegal or Acacia Seyal trees, there are over 1100 Acacia species worldwide, Acacia Senegal and Acacia Seyal remain the most commercially exploited species of the whole Acacia resource. which can only be found in the Arabic Gum belt that includes Sudan, Chad, Senegal and Nigeria. Sudan is one of the major exporters of the commodity. Arabic Gum production in Sudan concentrated in North Kordofan, and Darfur states

Arabic Gum has wide-spread uses in the food and beverages, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, textiles , Encapsulated Flavours, High Fiber Formulations and painting industries.

Physical and Chemical Properties of Arabic Gum:

  1. Gum Arabic is a pale white orange brown solid that breaks with glassy fracture.
  2. Highly soluble in water and solution up to 55% can be obtained.
  3. It is insoluble in oils and most organic solvents.
  4. It is regarded as 95% soluble fiber.
  5. Gum Arabic contains neutral sugars like Rhamnose, Arabinose and Galactose.
  6. It contains Glucuronic acid and 4 – methoxyglucuronic acid.
  7. Includes cationic components like calcium, magnesium, potassium and sodium.
  8. Molecular weight ranges from 200,000 to 300,000 and as high as 600,000



Acacia Senegal (Hashab)

Acacia Seyal (Talha)

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